In response to pressure from the Constitutional Court and in view of new EU requirements, the German government has decided to stricter climate targets. They envisage a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by at least 2030 percent compared to 65 levels by 1990, as the climate protection law approved by the cabinet on Wednesday stipulates. So far, the target was 55 percent. In addition, Germany has to be climate neutral by 2045 instead of 2050, i.e. practically no longer blowing any CO2 into the atmosphere.
Most of the new savings by 2030 should come from the energy sector. It is therefore considered certain that the coal piles will have to be shut down much earlier than 2038, which the government had previously set as the latest date.
Relief for tenants, an accelerated use of hydrogen or a stricter orientation of the vehicle tax on CO2 emissions are part of the "Climate Pact Germany", which the German government decided on Wednesday together with the climate law. Landlords are supposed to bear half of the additional heating costs due to the CO2 tax on oil and gas. In addition, a renovation campaign for buildings with further funding, for example for the use of renewable energies, is planned, as is higher new building standards. The key points should lead to an immediate program to be presented in the next few weeks.
Expansion of bus and train connections
The key points also include a greater expansion of bus and rail connections and a reform of the vehicle tax. It could be geared even more towards CO2 emissions. According to the concept, the restructuring of industry will also receive greater support: it provides for further assistance for industry towards climate-friendly production. Among other things, quotas for climate-friendly products are also planned. A separate concept is planned for this. The ramp-up of the hydrogen economy is also to be accelerated again. It is particularly crucial for the steel or cement industry on the way to climate-friendly production.
"With this law, we are creating more fairness between generations, more planning security and resolute climate protection that does not stall the economy, but rebuilds and modernizes it," said German Environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD) on Wednesday.
The European Union had raised the climate target for the community to 2030 percent from 55 percent by 40. Therefore, Germany should have adjusted its specifications anyway. In addition, the German Federal Constitutional Court recently ruled that the old climate law of 2019 disadvantaged the younger generation. This law does not provide for enough savings until 2030, so that afterwards all the more must be done so that Germany can meet its international obligations. This is unfair, as the main burden will be shifted to a later generation. (Reuters)