Just under two weeks have passed since the decision of the Federal Constitutional Court, which partially overturned the previous climate protection law. The Federal Cabinet has now passed a reform with extensive improvements and decided to stricter climate targets.
The goals see a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 by at least 65 percent compared to 1990 beforeas determined by the climate protection law now approved by the cabinet. Previously, the target was 55 percent. In addition, must therefore Germany be climate-neutral by 2045 instead of 2050, i.e. practically no longer blowing any CO₂ into the atmosphere.
Most of the new savings by 2030 should bring the energy sector. It is therefore considered certain that the coal piles will have to be shut down much earlier than 2038, which the government had previously set as the latest date.
Eight billion euros earmarked for an immediate program
The European Union had raised the climate target for the community to 2030 percent from 55 percent by 40. Therefore, Germany should have adjusted its specifications anyway. In addition, that had Bundesverfassungsgericht Recently judged that the old 2019 climate law put the younger generation at a disadvantage.
According to the court, this law does not provide for enough savings until 2030, so that even more must be done afterwards so that Germany can meet its international obligations. This is unfair, as the main burden will be shifted to a later generation.
In order to implement the now stricter goals, the Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze announced that an immediate program with measures to implement the climate targets will be launched in addition to the amended climate law. "We in the government agree that there will also be another immediate program," said the SPD politician in the ARD "Morgenmagazin".
An implementation package addressed to industry and citizens and also resolved by the cabinet under the title "Climate Pact Germany" provides, among other things, that landlords will bear half of the additional heating costs due to the new CO₂ tax. In addition, a renovation offensive for buildings with further subsidies is planned as well as higher, climate-friendly new building standards. The package should lead to the immediate program in the next few weeks.
There are also plans to provide industry with further aid for climate-friendly production, which, among other things, provides for quotas for corresponding products. The ramp-up of the hydrogen economy is to be accelerated again. There are also plans for more stringent energy standards for new buildings as well as changes in vehicle tax, which are to be geared even more closely to CO₂ emissions. Up to eight billion euros could be made available for this in the next budget in 2022.