Naher Osten Hundreds of rockets, dozens of dead: why is the conflict between Israel and Hamas flaring up again?
There have already been three wars between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip since 2008. Is the fourth bloody argument now beginning? Radical Palestinians have been bombarding their neighbors with rockets for days, and the Israeli army is flying attacks.
Between Israel and the old conflict is escalating again in the Palestinian territories: Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip again fired hundreds of rockets at Israel, and there were more deaths. The Israeli army in turn attacked targets in the coastal strip, there were also fatalities.
Between 2008 and summer 2014 there were three conflicts between Israel and the Hamas given in the Gaza Strip. Shortly before the war in 2014, the two sides' last attempt to negotiate peace failed. The current escalation began in the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan. In Jerusalem - and there in particular on the Temple Mount - Palestinians and Israeli security forces clashed several times, hundreds of people are said to have been injured.
Police barriers were one of the reasons for this
Triggers were, among other things, police barriers in the old town and the threat of evictions of Palestinian families in the Sheikh Jarrah district by the Israeli authorities. Then early on Monday evening, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip began Raketen shoot down on Israel.
A spokesman for the Islamist Hamas in the Gaza Strip called the attacks a message to the enemy Israel and a "response to its crimes and aggression against the holy city". Several missiles were launched on Monday JerusalemDay, on which Israel commemorates the conquest of the Arab East, including the Old City, during the Six Day War in 1967, also fired in the direction of the city.
Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu saw this crossing a red line. He put the Israeli citizens in the mood for a longer conflict. The EU and the US condemned the rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip.
Temple Mount: holy place for Jews and Muslims
The status of Jerusalem is one of the central issues in the Middle East conflict. Israel claims Jerusalem as "the eternal and indivisible capital" for itself. For their part, the Palestinians maintain their claim to East Jerusalem as the capital of an independent state.
The Temple Mount in the old town with the Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque is of outstanding importance for both Jews and Muslims. It is the third holiest site in Islam. At the same time there used to be two Jewish temples, the last of which was destroyed by the Romans in 70. The Western Wall is a remnant of that ruined temple and the holiest place for the Jews.
According to an army spokesman, the Iron Dome defense system intercepted most of the rockets from the Gaza Strip. The "Iron Dome" mobile system developed by Israel is intended to protect the country from missiles. A radar device detects approaching projectiles and forwards the information to a rocket launcher. He launches an interceptor missile in order to destroy the enemy projectile in the air, if possible before the impact.
Editor's note: This article has been updated on May 11th when it was first published.